6 Jenis Cerita Bahasa Inggris dan Contohnya

Jenis Cerita Bahasa Inggris

Cerita bahasa Inggris atau English stories sebenarnya mengacu pada cerita atau kisah yang ditulis dalam bahasa Inggris. Cerita tersebut dapat mencakup berbagai genre, seperti dongeng, cerita rakyat, cerita pendek, novel, dan lain sebagainya.

Cerita tersebut juga dapat ditulis oleh penulis-penulis dari berbagai negara, yang menggunakan bahasa Inggris sebagai bahasa yang digunakan dalam karya sastra mereka. Beberapa cerita bahasa Inggris terkenal di dunia antara lain seperti Romeo and Juliet, The Great Gatsby dan Harry Potter.

1. Fairy Tales (Cerita Dongeng)

Fairy Tales (Cerita Dongeng)

Fairy tales adalah cerita yang umumnya memiliki unsur-unsur ajaib atau magis, dengan tokoh-tokoh seperti peri, raja, dan putri. Beberapa contoh dongeng terkenal adalah Cinderella, Snow White, dan Sleeping Beauty.

Contoh Fairy Tales – Cinderella

Once upon a time, in a faraway land, there was a beautiful princess named Cinderella. She lived with her wicked stepmother and two stepsisters who treated her very badly. One day, the king of the land invited all the eligible maidens to a grand ball, hoping his son, the prince, would find a bride.

Cinderella’s stepmother refused to let her go to the ball, but with the help of her fairy godmother, Cinderella was able to attend. She arrived at the ball wearing a beautiful gown and glass slippers. The prince was smitten with her, and they danced the night away.

However, Cinderella had to leave before midnight, and she lost one of her glass slippers on the way out. The prince searched the kingdom for the owner of the lost glass slipper, and when he found Cinderella, he knew she was the one he had been searching for. They lived happily ever after.

2. Folk Tales (Cerita Rakyat)

Folk Tales (Cerita Rakyat)

Folk tales adalah cerita yang berasal dari suatu daerah atau budaya tertentu, yang biasanya diceritakan secara turun temurun dari generasi ke generasi. Beberapa contoh cerita rakyat terkenal adalah The Three Little Pigs, The Tortoise and the Hare, dan Anansi the Spider.

Contoh Cerita Bahasa Inggris Anak Folk Tales – The Three Little Pigs

The story of the Three Little Pigs is a classic folk tale that tells the story of three pigs who build their own homes. The first pig builds his house out of straw, the second pig builds his house out of sticks, and the third pig builds his house out of bricks.

When the Big Bad Wolf comes to each pig’s house and tries to blow it down, only the house made of bricks is strong enough to withstand his powerful breath. In the end, the wolf is unable to catch the third pig and the three pigs live happily ever after in their sturdy brick house.

The Three Little Pigs is a story that teaches the importance of hard work and planning. The first two pigs were lazy and did not put in the effort to build a strong house, and as a result, their homes were easily blown down by the wolf.

The third pig, however, was diligent and put in the hard work to build a strong brick house that could withstand the wolf’s powerful breath. This story is a reminder that hard work, planning, and perseverance can lead to success in the face of adversity.

3. Fables (Cerita Binatang)

Fables (Cerita Binatang)

Fables adalah cerita pendek yang biasanya memiliki tokoh-tokoh binatang yang berperilaku seperti manusia. Cerita ini sering kali memiliki pesan moral atau pelajaran yang ingin disampaikan, seperti The Ant and the Grasshopper dan The Lion and the Mouse.

Contoh Fables – Ant and the Grasshopper

A hardworking ant spends the summer collecting food to prepare for the winter. Meanwhile, a lazy grasshopper spends the summer singing and dancing, unconcerned with the future. When winter arrives, the ant has plenty of food to survive, but the grasshopper is left with nothing.

The fable teaches the importance of hard work and planning for the future, and the consequences of laziness and carelessness.

Contoh Cerita Bahasa Inggris Singkat – Ant and The Insects

An ant finds a grain of wheat and begins to carry it back to its nest. Along the way, the ant meets other insects who ask for some of the grain. The ant refuses, saying that it needs to save the grain for the winter. The other insects mock the ant for being selfish and stingy.

However, when winter arrives, the ant has plenty of food to survive while the other insects suffer from hunger. This fable teaches the importance of saving and being cautious with resources, as well as the consequences of being wasteful and selfish.

4. Legends (Cerita Legenda)

Legends (Cerita Legenda)

Legends adalah cerita yang seringkali berdasarkan pada tokoh atau kejadian sejarah, meskipun memiliki elemen fantasi atau keajaiban. Beberapa contoh cerita legenda adalah Robin Hood, King Arthur, dan Beowulf.

Contoh Cerita Bahasa Inggris Legends: Robin Hood

Once upon a time, in a forest called Sherwood, there lived a brave and kind man named Robin Hood. He was an outlaw who lived in hiding because he was being chased by the evil Sheriff of Nottingham. Robin Hood and his band of Merry Men would steal from the rich and give to the poor.

They did this because they believed that everyone deserved to be treated fairly and that the rich should share their wealth with those less fortunate. One day, Robin Hood met a beautiful girl named Maid Marian. They fell in love and became good friends.

The Sheriff of Nottingham did not like this, and he tried to capture Robin Hood and his friends. But Robin Hood was very clever and always managed to outsmart the Sheriff and his soldiers. He would shoot arrows with his bow and arrow and never missed his target.

He also had friends who helped him, like Little John and Friar Tuck. Robin Hood and his friends had many adventures, and they always stood up for what was right. In the end, Robin Hood became a hero to the people of Nottingham, and the Sheriff was defeated.

5. Myths (Cerita Mitologi)

Myths (Cerita Mitologi)

Myths adalah cerita yang berasal dari mitologi suatu budaya atau agama, yang sering kali memiliki tokoh-tokoh dewa atau makhluk mitologis. Beberapa contoh cerita mitologi adalah The Odyssey, The Iliad, dan The Norse Mythology.

Contoh Myth: Persephone Story

Long, long ago, there was a beautiful goddess named Persephone who lived in a land called Greece. Persephone was the daughter of the goddess of harvest, Demeter. One day, as Persephone was picking flowers in a field, she was suddenly snatched away by the god of the underworld, Hades.

Hades had fallen in love with Persephone and wanted her to be his queen. Demeter was heartbroken when she discovered her daughter was missing. She searched the land for her but could not find her. As the goddess of harvest, Demeter was very sad, and the land became barren and lifeless.

Meanwhile, Persephone was living in the underworld with Hades. She was very unhappy and missed her family and friends. Hades allowed her to visit her mother for six months of the year, but for the other six months, she had to stay with him in the underworld.

When Persephone returned to her mother, the land would become alive again, and flowers would bloom. This is why we have seasons, and it is said that when Persephone leaves for the underworld, winter comes.

6. Science Fiction (Cerita Fiksi Ilmiah)

Science Fiction (Cerita Fiksi Ilmiah)

Science fiction adalah cerita yang umumnya berfokus pada teknologi canggih, eksplorasi ruang angkasa, atau peristiwa yang tidak mungkin terjadi dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Beberapa contoh cerita fiksi ilmiah adalah War of the Worlds, Ender’s Game, dan The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy.

Contoh Science Fiction – Zorg

In the year 2050, a group of children were playing in a park when they suddenly saw a strange object in the sky. It was a spaceship, and it landed right in front of them. Out of the spaceship came a friendly alien named Zorg.

Zorg had traveled from a planet far, far away and needed the children’s help. His spaceship had run out of a special fuel that it needed to fly, and he asked the children if they could help him find it. The children were excited to help, and they got into the spaceship with Zorg.

They traveled through space to different planets, searching for the fuel. Along the way, they met many interesting creatures and had many adventures. Finally, they found the fuel on a planet made entirely of crystals. The children and Zorg collected the fuel and returned to the spaceship.

They poured the fuel into the spaceship, and it began to glow. Zorg thanked the children for their help and said goodbye. As the spaceship took off into space, the children waved goodbye and watched it disappear into the sky. They knew that they had just been a part of an incredible adventure that they would never forget.

The story of Zorg and the children teaches us about the importance of helping others, being brave, and exploring new things. It also reminds us that the universe is full of mysteries and wonders waiting to be discovered.

7. Mystery (Cerita Misteri)

Mystery (Cerita Misteri)

Mystery adalah cerita yang seringkali melibatkan pembunuhan atau kejahatan lainnya yang harus dipecahkan oleh tokoh utama. Beberapa contoh cerita misteri bahasa Inggris yang terkenal adalah adalah Sherlock Holmes, Nancy Drew, dan Agatha Christie’s novels.

Cerita bahasa Inggris bisa dibaca atau dipelajari oleh orang-orang dari berbagai negara di seluruh dunia. Cerita tersebut menjadi sarana untuk memperluas wawasan sekaligus dapat meningkatkan kemampuan berbahasa Inggris.

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